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World Global

Rampant Extremism: The U.S. lawmaker calls Islam 'a cancer in our nation'

1 MONTHS AGO
Rampant Extremism: The U.S. lawmaker calls Islam 'a cancer in our nation'

Religious leaders in Oklahoma are speaking out against remarks made by state Rep. John Bennett (R), who told a town hall audience on Monday that the Islamic faith "is a cancer in our nation that needs to be cut out," and is a sociopolitical movement with the goal of taking over the world and destroy...

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President Aliyev: Azerbaijan becomes NATO’s reliable partner

1 MONTHS AGO
President Aliyev: Azerbaijan becomes NATO’s reliable partner

President Ilham Aliyev attended the NATO summit in Wales, September 4-5. In addition to the 28-members states that form the North Atlantic alliance, countries participating in the ISAF force in Afghanistan, the United Nations and the European Union participated in the meeting.

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French radicals are at the 'gates of power'

1 MONTHS AGO
French radicals are at the 'gates of power'

France's radical far-right National Front is at the "gates of power", Prime Minister Manuel Valls (pictured) warned on Sunday, after a recent poll showed FN leader Marine Le Pen would beat Socialist President François Hollande in a 2017 presidential vote.

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Brussels warns BiH, Serbia not to use EU-Russia trade war

2 MONTHS AGO
Brussels warns BiH, Serbia not to use EU-Russia trade war

The European Union warned candidates for membership and potential candidates, among them Serbia and BiH, not to try to use sanctions between the EU and Russia to create a better trade position, reports Patria.

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As many diaspora youth as possible to return to BiH

2 MONTHS AGO
As many diaspora youth as possible to return to BiH

At the Gazi Husrev-beg Library in Sarajevo today, the second meetings of youth from the BiH diaspora, organized by the Center for Social Education of Youth (CDOM), was opened, the Anadolu Agency reports.

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Lingering accussation of Kosovo KLA leaders over war crimes perssist

2 MONTHS AGO
Lingering accussation of Kosovo KLA leaders over war crimes perssist

An EU inquiry published on July 29, 2014, asserted to have found evidences of war crimes committed by KLA leaders during the 1998-99 Kosovo-Serb conflict, while there will be no trial yet for the illegal traffic of organs.

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Economy

13th Denationalization Bond for Compensation of Citizens issued in Macedonia

2 MONTHS AGO
13th Denationalization Bond for Compensation of Citizens issued in Macedonia

According to its own press release, Macedonian Ministry of Finance issued the thirteenth today issued denationalization bond amounting to EUR 10 million.

Macedonian ministry states that all decisions on denationalization which became effective in the period 1st January 2013- 31st January 2014, ...

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Bulgaria to allow its fourth-biggest bank to collapse

3 MONTHS AGO
Bulgaria to allow its fourth-biggest bank to collapse

Bulgaria is to allow its fourth-biggest lender to collapse but could spend up to 2 billion levs ($1.39 billion) making sure customers do not lose out, as the Balkan country battles to clean up its worst financial scandal since the 1990s.

The central bank said it was removing Corporate Commercia...

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Why Coal Isn’t Going Away

2 MONTHS AGO
Why Coal Isn’t Going Away

Coal plays an integral role in keeping the lights on and buildings standing. Despite the green energy movement, more than 40% the world's electricity still comes from coal-fired plants, and 70% of the world's steel production requires metallurgical coal.

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Etihad CEO seeks to seal talks on Alitalia deal

3 MONTHS AGO
Etihad CEO seeks to seal talks on Alitalia deal

Etihad Airways chief James Hogan said on Wednesday he aimed to complete negotiations on buying 49 percent of Alitalia by the end of the month but stressed the company had to be "right-sized" first.

"We're all focussed on the end of this month. With our agreement, more time is allowed but our fo...

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Bulgaria becomes world's biggest producer of Lavender Oil

3 MONTHS AGO
Bulgaria becomes world's biggest producer of Lavender Oil

Dozens of workers wade through a sea of purple, picking lavender blossoms in the sweltering heat. The 100-degree Fahrenheit temperatures give the blossoms their highest concentration of oil — a liquid treasure that is prized by perfume makers around the world.

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Bulgarian Minister vows to fight for South Stream Implementation

5 MONTHS AGO
Bulgarian Minister vows to fight for South Stream Implementation

Bulgarian Economy and Energy Minister Dragomir Stoynev said that Bulgaria will do its best to make sure the South Stream gas pipeline project is implemented. "We will fight for the implementation of South Stream," he said.

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Bulletin Board

The ‘Eastern Question’ Still Persists in Europe

1 MONTHS AGO
The ‘Eastern Question’ Still Persists in Europe

The Balkans lived in peace for hundreds of years under Ottoman rule. The Bosniaks in particular were the standard bearers of Islam in Europe. The sound of the adhan, the call to prayer, has never fallen silent from the time when the region joined the Ottoman Empire to the present day.

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Buddhism in Myanmar: Extremism Galore

2 MONTHS AGO
Buddhism in Myanmar: Extremism Galore

Myanmar is undergoing a state of upheaval and transformation. As of now, the country is experiencing changes on the political, economic and social frontiers.

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Why is no one talking about US poverty?

1 YEAR AGO
Why is no one talking about US poverty?

It's not my intention to belittle the government shutdown or the political showdown underway between President Obama and the GOP, but more often than not, America's fickle news media is dominated by one subject. It's what gets left out that is often more telling than what everyone (or at least ...

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Gunpowder Composition for Rockets and Cannon in Arabic Military Treatises In Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries

1 YEAR AGO
Gunpowder Composition for Rockets and Cannon  in Arabic Military Treatises  In Thirteenth and Fourteenth Centuries

A Gap in the history of gunpowder and cannon

n some documented histories of warfare and weapons in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance there is a noticeable gap in the history of gunpowder and cannon in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Some Authors jump from China in the far east to Eu...

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Polish climbers to climb peaks of the Balkan

7 MONTHS AGO
Polish climbers to climb peaks of the Balkan

Balkan Winter Expedition 2014 project aims to climb the highest peaks of Balkan countries in the winter - Kosovo, Montenegro, Serbia, Macedonia, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria and Romania.

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ACTION ALERT: Tell the Simon Wiesenthal Center to Apologize For Denial of Genocide on Bosniaks

9 MONTHS AGO
ACTION ALERT: Tell the Simon Wiesenthal Center to Apologize For Denial of Genocide on Bosniaks

CALL TO ACTION:

On behalf of Bosniaks in the U.S. and Canada and survivors of the Bosnian genocide, we call to action all friends and people of good will to protest the comments made by Efraim Zuroff in which he is denying the genocide in Srebrenica and Bosnia-Herzegovina.

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Special Interest

The month of Ramadan is a time to purify the heart

3 MONTHS AGO
The month of Ramadan is a time to purify the heart

O Believers, Observe Saum — the fasting, it is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you (Jews and Christians), that you may become Al-Muttaqun — the God-concious, the pious ones.

Al-Quran, 2-183.

Ramadan offers this central theme for Muslims: complete submission of mind and ...

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Al-Salafiyyah: The Methodology of the Pious Predecessors

4 MONTHS AGO
Al-Salafiyyah: The Methodology of the Pious Predecessors

All praises and thanks are due to All?h, and may the blessings and prayers be upon the Messenger of All?h, his family, his companions, and all those who follow in their footsteps until the Day of Judgment.

Al-Islam is a collection of rules and articles of faith, of knowledge and action, of thin...

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Montenegrin Church and Religion

8 MONTHS AGO
Montenegrin Church  and Religion

In the area of present-day Montenegro (formerly the Roman province of Praevalitane), Christianity started to put down roots early. The first episcopacy was formed in the fourth century when the native populace consisted of Romans and Romanized Ilirs. (See "Iz Povijesti Hriscanskih Crkava u Crno...

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Bulgarian Orthodox Patriarch Maxim Dies at 98

1 YEAR AGO
Bulgarian Orthodox Patriarch Maxim Dies at 98

The Bulgarian Ortodox Patriarch Maxim, who weathered a revolt over his Communist-era ties to lead his country's Orthodox Christians for more than 40 years, died here on Tuesday at age of 98.

The Bulgarian Ortodox church's top clerical body Holy Synod said in a statement that the cause of death ...

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Jewish scholar lectured on 'How Islam Saved the Jews'

5 MONTHS AGO
Jewish scholar lectured on 'How Islam Saved the Jews'

David J. Wasserstein, a professor of Jewish History at Vanderbilt University, lectured on "How Islam Saved the Jews" on Thursday, April 24, at the University of Alabama in Birmingham.

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Muslim Jewish Conference Meets In Sarajevo To Combat Islamophobia And Anti-Semitism

1 YEAR AGO
Muslim Jewish Conference Meets In Sarajevo To Combat Islamophobia And Anti-Semitism

Students and young professionals from around the world have gathered in Sarajevo, Bosnia to exchange experiences and fight prejudice and hatred. They represent different cultures and races and speak dozens of languages, but they share either one of two identities: they are all Muslims or Jews.

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Health

Vitamin D deficiency linked to increased risk of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease

2 MONTHS AGO
Vitamin D deficiency linked to increased risk of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease

Vitamin D deficiency is now linked to increased risk of dementia and Alzheimer's disease.

According to a study completed in collaboration with Dr. Paulo Chaves, associate professor at Florida International University College of Medicine, study participants who had severe vitamin D deficiency we...

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Circumcision Protects Against AIDS

1 YEAR AGO
Circumcision Protects Against AIDS

A new study found that uncircumcised men were nearly seven times more likely to get the AIDS virus, giving further support to findings that circumcision . The study by Robert C. Bollinger and colleagues from Johns Hopkins University Medical School and the National AIDS Research Institute in Pune, In...

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Cinnamon, Ginger and Onions Strongly Protect Us from Colds and Flu

9 MONTHS AGO
Cinnamon, Ginger and Onions Strongly Protect Us from Colds and Flu

In the fall as the weather gets cooler ailments tend to affect our Lungs in the form of coughs, sinus issues, colds and flu. In Traditional Chinese Medicine autumn relates to the metal element which corresponds to the Lungs. The taste that strengthens the Lungs is pungent: the spicy flavor of f...

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Genetically Modified Democracy

1 YEAR AGO
Genetically Modified Democracy

Reliable sources in Washington D.C. have informed the Organic Consumers Association (OCA) that Monsanto has begun secretly lobbying its Congressional allies to attach one or more "Monsanto Riders" or amendments to the 2013 Farm Bill that would preempt or prohibit states from requiring labels on...

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Puberty Before Age 10: A New ‘Normal’?

1 YEAR AGO
Puberty Before Age 10: A New ‘Normal’?

One day last year when her daughter, Ainsley, was 9, Tracee Sioux pulled her out of her elementary school in Fort Collins, Colo., and drove her an hour south, to Longmont, in hopes of finding a satisfying reason that Ainsley began growing pubic hair at age 6. Ainsley was the tallest child in her thi...

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Every human emotion now classified as a mental disorder

1 YEAR AGO
Every human emotion now classified as a mental disorder

The industry of modern psychiatry has officially gone insane. Virtually every emotion experienced by a human being -- sadness, grief, anxiety, frustration, impatience, excitement -- is now being classified as a "mental disorder" demanding chemical treatment (with prescription medications, of co...

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Life and Style

Babies born naturally 'have higher IQs than those delivered by caesarean section'

2 YEARS AGO
Babies born naturally 'have higher IQs than those delivered by caesarean section'

Babies born naturally may have higher IQs than those delivered by caesarean section, new research claims.

According to scientists, when women give birth naturally there are higher levels of a special protein in babies' brains that helps boost intelligence levels as they develop.

 Scientist...

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Teaching Kids Responsibility

2 YEARS AGO
Teaching Kids Responsibility

Discover the secret to getting your kid to set the table or tidy her room without being constantly on her case about it.

My daughter, Zoe, was 5 when I decided to give her a couple of chores: making her bed every morning and putting some of her clean clothes in drawers on laundry day. Let's just say...

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Video gaming addiction can control your thoughts

1 YEAR AGO
Video gaming addiction can control your thoughts

A psychology researcher from Canberra has collected some of the first scientific evidence that video gaming can be addictive in a way similar to gambling and alcohol.

"People who spend an excessive amount of time playing video games are powerless to stop themselves from thinking about gaming," says ...

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One Question that Could Save Your Marriage

2 YEARS AGO
One Question that Could Save Your Marriage

“Who knew marriage could be so difficult?” asked Sara:

“One day you’re this care-free woman, pretty selfish and self-indulgent. Next you have a roomie – and one that is supposed to share that room with you for the rest of your life!”

“We were living on top of each other,” she added,

“Everyone h...

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Cosmetics causing an epidemic of allergies: Doctors urge for preservatives to be removed

1 YEAR AGO
Cosmetics causing an epidemic of allergies: Doctors urge for preservatives to be removed

A chemical used in hundreds of beauty products is being blamed for a massive rise in dangerous allergic reactions.

Cosmetic giant Johnson & Johnson says it is so concerned, it is taking the chemical out of its best-selling Piz Buin sun cream and other products.

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Beauty Queens Outside and Slobs Inside?

1 YEAR AGO
Beauty Queens Outside and Slobs Inside?

In the West women dress with looks to kill outside the home and save the sweats and t-shirts for inside. Most women will look very beautiful while going outside of the house, but look like a slob inside the house. This is not always true and sometime it’s the other way round.  Many women leave ...

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Technology

Google pulls ‘Bomb Gaza’ app after public criticism

2 MONTHS AGO
Google pulls ‘Bomb Gaza’ app after public criticism

'Bomb Gaza' developed by PlayFTW and still available as an app on Facebook, imitates the on-going conflict between Israel and Hamas, which dominates the Palestinian territory. Players drop bombs from a fighter jet while dodging missiles from Hamas fighters in black and green masks.

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Putin calls Internet 'CIA project'

6 MONTHS AGO
Putin calls Internet 'CIA project'

Russian President Vladimir Putin on Thursday called the Internet a "CIA project" and warned Russians against making Google searches.

Putin assured a group of young journalists that the Internet was controlled from the start by the CIA and its surveillance continues today.

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How to get rid of the bedbugs?

1 YEAR AGO
How to get rid of the bedbugs?

Bedbugs have become a growing problem around the world, with epidemics New york and other world cities.

However, researchers have found an unlikely solution - kidney bean leaves.

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The Pirate Bay is the World's Most Efficient Public Library

1 YEAR AGO
The Pirate Bay is the World's Most Efficient Public Library

The way "media piracy" works is that one person or group purchases a work, and then shares it with millions of other people. This supposedly deprives the author or artist of those millions of people's money. One group has acquired over 50 million media items, and makes each of them available to...

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Dire warning: Due to massive solar flare storm you could lose power, communications

2 YEARS AGO
Dire warning: Due to massive solar flare storm you could lose power, communications

The largest solar storm since 2005 is now in progress, causing fluctuations on the power grid and disruptions to the Global Positioning System. The ongoing strong proton storm is in full fury. And it's getting stronger; a Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) impact also impacting us, traveling at 1,400 miles...

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“Dark matter” mystery deepens

3 YEARS AGO
“Dark matter” mystery deepens Like all ga­lax­ies, most as­tro­no­mers be­lieve ours is filled with a strange, in­vis­i­ble sub­stance that be­trays its pres­ence only through its gravita­t­ional pull. The gal­ax­y’s stars would fly apart with­out this so-called dark mat­ter hold­ing them to­geth­er.

But the na­ture of “dark mat...

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Arts

Turkish tradition, Islamic art meet at Acar’s exhibit

2 YEARS AGO
Turkish tradition, Islamic art meet at Acar’s exhibit

Turkish tradition and Islamic art came together as a renowned artist from Turkey opened his first exhibition in the Kingdom on Feb. 28.

Imsail Acar mounted a solo gallery featuring 43 of his paintings at the Consulate General of Turkey here until March 1.

Acar introduced his works as a combination o...

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Top Islamic artworks on display at Paris show

2 YEARS AGO
Top Islamic artworks on display at Paris show

The Institut du Monde Arabe in Paris is playing host to an exhibition of Islamic artworks created by 10 top Iranian and Arab artists selected for the Jameel Prize 2011.

Awarded every two years, the Jameel Prize is an international art award for contemporary artists and designers inspired by Islamic ...

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Modernist Islamic Architecture: Toward preserving a migrant past

3 YEARS AGO
Modernist Islamic Architecture: Toward preserving a migrant past

MakeSpace Architects is a London-based firm whose work specializes in private and social housing, as well as community buildings. Much of the community work focuses on the development of mosques and Islamic centers. Besides designing and building the structures, MakeSpace aspire to develop a new arc...

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Ottoman architecture not just from Armenians and Greeks, says historian

3 YEARS AGO
Ottoman architecture not just from Armenians and Greeks, says historian Two recent exhibitions on Istanbul's Armenian and Greek architects have caused a debate among experts on Ottoman . While some say there is an attempt to show that Istanbul’s recent architectural heritage belongs to Armenians and Greeks only, others think that such a prejudiced approach goes against ...

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Macedonia and the medieval manuscript: It is the first time that this has repeated itself

2 YEARS AGO
Macedonia and the medieval manuscript: It is the first time that this has repeated itself

In every class of every school there are students, who are excellent; there are good ones and ones with average performance; there are also bad student and ones that are so bad they have to take the same class twice; but there are also ones, who do not like anything and anyone.

The case with th...

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Tears of the famed Mona Lisa

2 YEARS AGO
Tears of the famed Mona Lisa

Save You stand among the crowds in a world museum like the Louvre in Paris, moving from one hall to another gazing at pieces of art such as the Mona Lisa, trying to understand the secret of that mysterious smile on the face of the Italian La Gioconda ... well, you are not alone! Many people in th...

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Entertainment

2011 Libyan rebellion comes to Sarajevo

3 MONTHS AGO
2011 Libyan rebellion comes to Sarajevo

Hundreds of former Libyan rebels gathered in Sarajevo on Thursday to see the world premiere of a documentary dedicated to their 2011 fight against Moamer Gathafi's regime.

The four-hour documentary "Tomorrow, Tripoli" by French director Florent Marcie depicts the everyday experiences of fighter...

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'Arrow': An Islamic prayer and the issue of cultural prejudice

8 MONTHS AGO
'Arrow': An Islamic prayer and the issue of cultural prejudice

In the recent "Arrow" episode, an assassin takes a moment to pray before drinking poison and dying. That moment was meant to deny information to heroes Oliver Queen and Sara Lance, while simultaneously showing commitment to the League of Assassins.

But did this moment mean more? Is "Arrow" guil...

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The upcoming “Islamic music industry”

10 MONTHS AGO
The upcoming “Islamic music industry”

Ten years ago, a young and unassuming British-Azerbaijani, who’d recently had a spiritual awakening, released an album that catapulted him to stardom. Sami Yusuf, now 33, is known throughout the Muslim world for his spiritual songs about Islam. At the peak of his career, following the rele...

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Some Serbians sensitive to Handler's jokes about their country

3 YEARS AGO
Some Serbians sensitive to Handler's jokes about their country

Chelsea Handler may have forgotten all about a few jokes she tossed out during a taping of her show earlier this week that touched on Amy Winehouse's botched comeback tour kickoff in Belgrade, but tens of thousands in Serbia have not.

People of all ages in the country appear outraged at her comments...

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Exploring Jefferson, Islam and the founding of a nation

9 MONTHS AGO
Exploring Jefferson, Islam and the founding of a nation

Americans have been arguing bitterly over religion since before the founding of the independent nation. The Colonists came by it honestly. They arrived from Europe with a legacy of several hundred years of wars with the infidels, the Papists and fellow Christian reformers.

A few early Colonists...

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An ‘industry’ built on hate: How the right-wing successfully brought anti-Muslim bigotry into the American mainstream

1 YEAR AGO
An ‘industry’ built on hate: How the right-wing successfully brought anti-Muslim bigotry into the American mainstream

Ahmed Sharif was a 44-year-old Muslim Bangladeshi taxi driver in New York City. It was August 24, 2010, a time that marked the height of vitriolic protests against a planned Islamic center to be located in lower Manhattan, a few blocks away from the site of Ground Zero. Sharif picked up 21-year...

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Travel

Albanian Tourism Project Puts Beds in Bunkers

2 YEARS AGO
Albanian Tourism Project Puts Beds in Bunkers

The Balkan country of Albania has hundreds of thousands of disused communist-era bunkers and a booming tourist industry. Now a joint German-Albanian project has put the two things together -- and is converting a bunker into a backpacker hostel.

In the coastal town of Tale, about 50 kilometers (...

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Albania's surprising side

2 YEARS AGO
Albania's surprising side

Superb Roman ruins, glorious scenery, good food and ridiculously low prices – Edward Reeve finds much to admire in the former communist state.

This is odd. I'm sitting in a bar in Tirana, Albania, and there's not a gangster in sight. What there is is a 20ft-long counter packed with an array of ...

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Istanbul’s historic Grand Bazaar to undergo major restoration in 2013

2 YEARS AGO
Istanbul’s historic Grand Bazaar to undergo major restoration in 2013

Restoration of Istanbul's famous historic Grand Bazaar (Kapali Çarsi) will begin in the early months of 2013 and cost the municipality TL 200 million, the Fatih district mayor has said.

Speaking at a press conference on Wednesday, Fatih Municipality Mayor Mustafa Demir said they plan to restore...

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Riding the Danube Express through Istanbul and Budapest

3 YEARS AGO
Riding the Danube Express through Istanbul and Budapest

Imagine a train journey through time. Crossing cultural, political and religious conflicts spanning not just centuries but millennia. No, you don’t need to be Doctor Who to take this trip; all you need is a ticket for the Danube Express.

Eight carriages will transport you and up to 41 fellow travell...

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Pomaks, the Slavic people of the Muslim faith – History and modernity

PomakWomen

Slavic Muslim representation in the Balkans is not confined to Bosnians only, so loudly had become propagated in the early 90’s. of the last century. For several centuries the territory of Greece, Bulgaria and Turkey inhabits the other Slavic peoples of Muslim faith, calling themselves ahryane and outside the society known as Pomaks.

Modern Pomaks live mostly in southern and south-eastern Bulgaria – mainly in the Rhodope Mountains, south of Plovdiv, and in Pirinski Macedonia. A large number of Pomaks live in the neighboring regions of Greece, especially in the rooms of Xanthi (Western Thrace). Most of the communities in Turkey, assimilated, no longer slave language and cultural backgrounds, and joined in the Turkish ethnic group.

As a Muslim, Pomaks preserved slave language (which experts consider a model of “pure” Bulgarian), culture and traditions.

The origin of this ethnic community, as well as its history of relatively early (before mid 19 th century) is poorly understood.

In fact, each country has its own accommodation Pomaks “easy” concept of their origin.

So, according to Bulgarian historians Pomaks – it Islamicize Bulgarians have kept the Bulgarian culture in its purest form. This conclusion is based on the similarity of the Bulgarian language and dialects used by Pomaks. Proponents of this view believe that the word “Pomaks comes from Turkish” pomogats – Assistant or Bulgarian “pomohamedantsy” – that is Islamicize. The name “ahryane” is interpreted as derived from the Bulgarian “agaryane” – that is incorrect or later – Muslim. This concept is considered the most reliable, and it is in accordance with the modern science includes Pomaks to Slavs.

More original point of view of Greek authors, who believe that people descended from the ancient Thracian tribes who inhabited data area. Based on this theory, they note “vital” affinity Pomaks with the Greeks, which, however, does not have any serious evidence.

Turkish scholars, in turn focus religious community Pomaks Turks, linking it with the common origin. In their version, Pomaks – descendants of Turkic tribes settled Thrace before the Ottoman conquest – Accidents and Pechenegs. The name “ahryane” Turks feel derived from the Arabic “Ahi” – a brother.

The first question of the origin of Pomaks was raised in 1762 Paisii Hilendarskim in his “History of slavyanobolgarskoy”.

Forced Islamization or “baptism” dead

It is believed that Islamization Pomaks started with Sultan Bayazide, the 70-ies. fourteenth century.

Bulgarian historiography traditionally puts forward the thesis of its violent nature. For example, one of the most famous Bulgarian historian Nikolai Todorov shows that two waves of forced Islamization – when Sultan Selim II – in the 16 st century, and Mehmet Fourth – at the end of the 17 th. However, this concept does not stand up to serious scientific criticism – firstly, the main source Todorova was some Bulgarian chronicle of the 18 th century, which he himself had not even been able to quote in his study. The second source, which is based on the concept, is a chronicle of the Bulgarian priest Draganov, written, according to Todorova, ‘a little after the events referred to. ” At the same time, scientists have recognized that the original Chronicle was lost, and it is available only in the compilation of Stephen Zahareva. For now, however, proved that this – fake, what came almost all the major European specialists on the history of the Ottoman empire and Bulgaria.

However, the Bulgarian scientists, especially during the rule of the Communists, were so are the desire to prove his “point” that does not hesitate to open frauds. For example, in the 1980’s the city of Smolyan History Museum organized archaeological expedition to find the graves of the villages in pomakskih Christians who supposedly chose to die conversion to Islam. When they were not found, the head of the expedition ordered to put crosses in the Muslim graves in the “proof” that “initially they were Christian.” This information was provided by the village mayor pomakskogo Smilyan, historian Boryanoy Panayotov.

Attempted Statehood

As a Muslim, Pomaks serve as a reliable pillar of Turkish domination in the Balkans. They provide the finest soldiers the Sultan, and even gifted pashey, participated in the repression of the Greek insurrection in 1821, supported by Turkey during the recent uprising of the Bulgarian and Russian-Turkish war of 1877-1878. Pomaks are not even subject to some time to the Berlin Congress, the associated part of the territory they live in Eastern Rumeli and expressed loyalty to Turkey during the Greco-Turkish war in 1897

In 1878 Pomaks fought for autonomy for the ethnic community, which is de facto and there in the next few years, in twenty communities in the Rhodope Mountains.

In 1913, after departing from pomakskih territories Bulgarian and Turkish armies (during the Balkan wars), there was formed Gyumyurdzhinskaya republic existed, however, only a few months. However, during this time Pomaks those who were forcibly converted to Christianity by Bulgarian troops again returned to the true faith.

After the First World War, in 1918, 8 pomakskih Bulgarian parliament deputies were forced to appeal to the leaders of Greece and France to protect of their ethnic and religious minority from the forced Christianization.

Actually, if the question of whether Islamicize ahryane force, modern science tends to give a negative answer, then attempted forcible Christianization recorded clearly and indisputably.

Forcible Christianization

All of these “campaigns” were four – in 1912, 1938 – 1944, 1962 – 1964, 1971 – 1972 biennium. and all of them were Bulgarian Government. The most brutal and blatant was the last attempt to “integrate” Pomaks. Help was called upon the army, military police, special services, territorial formation. And all this – with a rather innocuous at first glance, the goal – to change Turkish names to Bulgarian ahryan.

But in fact it was a real attempt, perhaps, one of the last organized campaigns of its kind in the world, forced to draw the entire nation to Christianity.

But, despite everything, Pomaks not broken. Is still unknown how many were killed and tortured for refusing to change Muslim names to Christian. In addition, several hundred people were sent to the infamous prison in Belém do Pará island on the Danube.

However, in 1989, together with the collapse of socialist governments, there fell, and that the planned “modern inquisitor.” Virtually the entire population with the change of name changed to the old.

Now Pomaks is one of three Muslim nations of Bulgaria, two others – Muslims, Gypsies and Turks. In recent years, emerging trends to increase the influence of the Slavic community is among the Bulgarian Muslim Ummah.

Pomaks in Greece

On the territory of Greece are far less Pomaks than in Bulgaria – only about 30 thousand people, while the overall strength of the ethnic community – 500 thousand people. Their residence in Greek Thrace was enshrined the Lausanne Treaty. Pomaks not want, like a huge number of ethnic Turks to go to Turkey because they were irreconcilable enemies sekulyaristskogo kemalistskogo regime. In many ways their situation affected the victory of Communists in Bulgaria in 1944. The point is that in Greece Pomaks soon became seen as potential supporters of the Bulgarian Communists. Therefore, policies on them was carried out on two vectors.

First – isolation pomakskih settlements. Up until the early 90’s, entry to and exit from there only on special permission of local administration.

The second – the desire to merge with the Slavic Muslim Turks. In fact, in Greece at the state level was found to only one ethnic and religious minorities – Turks. In it, except Pomaks, “joined” Gypsies, Muslims and black Muslims in a very small number of residents in Greece.

Pomaks have been isolated not only from all sides (including from their Bulgarian brothers, as well as the border with the socialist camp had been “at the Castle”), but also deprived of education and even raise children in their mother tongue. They had to send their children to Turkish schools and, sometimes, because of their lack of – and in Turkey itself. Subsequently, among Pomaks a sufficiently large number of supporters of a merger with the Turks, the perception of culture and language of the past.

Some mitigation of the situation of Greek Pomaks can be observed only in recent years due to liberalization of the political regime , end the cold war and the collapse of the socialist camp. In 1994, for the Slavic Muslim countries have been partially lifted restrictions on movement, as in the 1995-m – opened the Greek-Bulgarian border.

Pomaks in Turkey

Turkey Pomaks traditionally inhabited the area around Edirne, and some villages up to the Istanbul, finding themselves in the Turkish area, quickly assimilated and became part of Turkish ethnicity. Generally, pomakskie roots are about 300 thousands of modern Turkish. At the same time in 1965, according to the census of the Turkish, Bulgarian possessed only about 27 thousand inhabitants. At present, this number and is close to zero.

History Pomaks eloquently shows that the Slavs are not only able to accept the Muslim religion, but on the basis of religious community form a common ethnicity. Thus, we can safely conclude that the Bosnian case in this regard is not isolated and therefore exclusive. Living in a much more complex than the Bosnians, and, unlike them, not the creation of their own statehood, Pomaks demonstrated incredible force of faith, Pronya to Islam through all the tests, harassment adversaries, and struggling to regain its natural and inalienable rights – civil and religious.

The islamophobia industry

The Islamophobia Industry: How the Right Manufactures Fear of Muslims

The book, written by the editor-in-chief of Aslan Media, comes at an opportune time. Released in September 2012, the book landed just one month after American Muslims witnessed a stark increase in hate attacks during the holy month of Ramadan.

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